CREDIT MANAGEMENT AND GROUP DYNAMICS FOR PIGGERY VALUE CHAIN

CREDIT MANAGEMENT AND GROUP DYNAMICS FOR PIGGERY VALUE CHAIN

Introduction

Background and context of training Workshop

Piggery Value Chain is one of the main projects of the European Union. Yet, recent studies suggest that pig farming in Ghana is very poor due to financial problems and a lack of knowledge of pig farming practices. Effective training on how to farm pigs and preserve the meat will help to improve pig farming in the Municipality. Pork vendors will also have quality meat for their business to generate income. This training is expected to equip pig farmers and pork vendors with adequate knowledge in good credit management practices and group dynamics to enhance their businesses and income.

Attendance 

The following category of Piggery operators attended the workshop; Pig farmers, Pork vendors, Butchers, and Owners of slaughterhouse .150 participants attended the training workshop.

WGMA staff who observed the workshop included; the Senior Development Planning Officer, Head of Business Advisory Center, the Senior Accountant, Other Staffs from BAC, and Participant from OLIVES. The Internal Evaluators of the project also observed the training session.

Workshop objective

To equip piggery operators with adequate knowledge in group dynamics and credit management practices to enhance their businesses and incomes. 



Workshop outputs 

  • To enable the participant to understand the benefit of group loans
  • To enhance the performance of an individual in a group through peer pressure and education
  • Participants introduced to the concepts of business growth and operations
  • Participants introduced to the concept of business financing 
  • Participants equipped with the practices of business communications
  • Participants trained in teamwork and business management

Workshop content

Group Dynamics

  • Definition of a group 
  • Stages in group formation 
  • Types of group models 
  • Group Administration 
  • Advantages of group
  • Group Account operation

Credit Management

  • Application procedures and requirements
  • Group Assessment 
  • Appraisal 
  • Collateral
  • Loan contract
  • Loan disbursement 
  • Repayment



Workshop Methodology

This workshop will utilize a LEARNING-IN-ACTION approach. This would include the use of:

  • Experience sharing  
  • Presentations
  • Brainstorming 
  • Discussions
  • Questions and Answers Q&A


Workshop proceedings 

The project secretary Mr. Andrew De-Heer and Mr. Nimako welcomed the participants and oriented them about the project. He then asked the participants to do a self-introduction and also use the opportunity to market or advertise their business activities as business people.  The head of the Business Advisory Centre (BAC) in the municipality Miss Stephenia Amponsah in an opening remark to the participants briefed them of the EU support to Piggery Operators in the Municipality and also informed them to be visiting the office for support when the need arises. She entreated the participants to ask questions. She also advocated peer learning and networking among themselves for future collaborations and profitable ventures. Miss Stephenia once again welcomed all participants to the training workshop. She started the training with a presentation on Group Dynamics and Credit Management. The need to form groups as pig and pork operators in the municipality.


Presentation on Group Dynamics and Credit Management

Learning objectives

To enable participants to understand the benefits of group loans.

Enhance the performance of individuals in a group through peer pressure and education.


Participant expectations

Participants are expected to gain knowledge of group dynamics and credit management. The importance of forming a group and stages in group formation.

GROUP DYNAMICS

 Stages in group formation 

  • Forming 
  • Storming 
  • Norming
  • Performing

FORMING

She continued to talk about form, and she said at this stage most team members are positive, anxious, and polite as they haven’t fully understood what the work team will do or simply excited about the task ahead.

STORMING

Also, she spoke about storming, where people start to push against the boundaries established in the forming stage. She said this is the stage where many teams fail because storming often starts where there is a conflict between team members’ natural working styles.

NORMING 

Miss Stephenia Amponsah explained further that norming is the stage where people start to resolve their differences, appreciate, colleagues’ strengths, and respect their authority as a leader.

PERFORMING  

Miss Amponsah continued to talk about performing and she said the performing stage is when hard work leads without friction and to achieve the team’s goals. She went on saying that, as a leader, you can delegate much of your work and also concentrate on developing team members

 Types of Group Models

Furthermore, she spoke about group models and they are as follows;

  • Association
  • Community Banking 
  • Cooperatives 
  • Credit Unions 
  • Group
  • Village Banking 
  • Grameen Model 
  • ROSCA Model 


 Advantage of Groups 

There are some of the advantages of groups she spoke about.

  • Peer Selection 
  • Joint Liability 
  • Peer Monitoring 
  • Dynamic Incentives 
  • Weekly Repayment Meetings 
  • Compulsory Saving 
  • Collateral Substitute 
  • Social Programs 
  • Training 


 Group Administration

 The Group Administration is as follows;

  • Gather data on group 
  • Write a report 
  • Coordinate Group meeting 
  • Perform other administration functions

GROUP ACCOUNT OPERATION

  • Name of the account holder
  • Mandate to account
  • Resolution to open an account
  • TIN of executives operating account
  • Identification 


Credit Management

Miss Stephenia Amponsah also spoke about credit management. She said credit management involved the initial application of loan facility, disbursement, and repayment of loan facility which will help the business to grow very fast.

She mentioned some application procedures and the procedures are below;

  • Group resolution letter to borrow 
  • Attach group constitution 
  • Indicate the location of the group 
  • Amount of loan required 
  • Duration of loan 
  • Purpose of the loan 


Group Assessment

Miss Amponsah made mention of group assessment and how important it is.

  • The character of the group 

She said the group must be effective and the leader must make sure they meet a lot. The members must be more active and reports must be written anytime they meet.

  • Credit history 

She then said the group must not have any history of credit. This will allow the group to access loans.

  • The capacity of the group to repay  

 She said the group must be able to pay back the loans and its capability to repay the loan

  • Condition of the loan

She said the condition of the loan is another problem. How the loan is going to be payback, whether monthly or weekly. Also the amount of money given as a loan

  • Capital 

She said the setting up of the business must be enough for them to access the loan.

  • Collateral 

She expanded that collateral is something pledged as security for repayment of a loan. She spoke about the types of collateral also. 

Evaluation

Participants were very pleased with the training. At the end of the training, the evaluation revealed that participants were pleased with the content of the training, understood the topics, gained knowledge, and acquired new skills. Participants were also impressed with the methodology applied and the facilitators for the meeting. In a testimonial, some of the participants called for more of such capacity building and also asked the project secretariat to extend the training to their locality due to the benefits gained.


Conclusion

In a closing remark, the Project Evaluator advised participants to register their business, get a TIN and register their business with the Assembly. She also urged them to fulfill their local tax obligations to the Assembly for more development in their various electoral areas.  

25th Nov 2020

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