Establishing a vibrant piggery value chain
There are six key activities under this main activity. These include preparation, establishment of a breeding centre, establishment of a pig feed mill, establishment of a demonstration centre, construction of a modern slaughterhouse, support for pork vendors, and the establishment of a revolving fund for farmers and vendors.
Preparation: selection of beneficiaries and partners
The project team (including staff of the Weija-Gbawe Municipal Assembly) will invite interested youths (both men, women and PWDs) to submit their names for selection. A committee will be set up to review and make a final selection of applicants to benefit from the support for pig farming and slaughtering, and pork vending. A quota of up to 20 people will be earmarked for the PWDs to actively participate in pig value chain. Applications will also be invited from potential partners for a Public Private Partnership (PPP) in the management of the breeding centre, feed mill, and the slaughterhouse. Local business partners will be selected to manage all these facilities. The project team will also invite applications from various consultants to provide technical support for the various aspects of the piggery value chain especially the breeding centre, the slaughterhouse, and pork vending.
Establish breeding centre
The piggery value chain will start with a breeding centre to supply quality piglets to pig farmers in the municipality. This is to ensure that farmers are stocking the right breeds of pigs for the market: breeds that are strong, healthy and prolific. This will enhance the profitability of the piggery business as well as the quality of pork sold by vendors. The pig breeding centre is designed to house a maximum of 500 pigs (breeding, growing and finishing stock). This capacity will enable the centre to meet the anticipated demands for pig. It will include farrowing pens, weaning pens, finishing pens, quarantine pens and breeding pens. The centre will also have a waste management system for the processing of the pig waste into manure to ensure environmental sustainability. A water supply system (including a borehole and an overhead water storage tank) will be constructed for the breeding centre to mitigate the problem of irregular water supply which may affect the operation of the facility. It will be powered by solar to circumvent the problem of power fluctuations associated with the main electricity grid (in due course, if practicable). The breeding centre will also contain an office space for the centre administrators, who will manage the day-to-day activities relating to breeding and the sale of piglets, as well as a temporary space for veterinary doctors who will attend to the pigs. The breeding centre will also contain a staff common room and a changing room/washroom for the regular staff attending to the pigs as well as a store room for storing animal feed and other equipment. An initial stock of 25 breeding stock (20 sows and 5 boars) will be raised and managed to produce quality offspring for both breeding and slaughtering. It is projected that this initial stock, with an average litter size of 6, will be able to exceed the target of 500 pigs in 24 months after stocking. A demonstration centre will be attached to the breeding centre to train pig farmers. A team of experts—including a veterinary officer from the Weija-Gbawe Municipal Assembly, an agricultural expert from OLIVES and a consultant from University of Ghana, Nungua Farms—will lead the establishment and oversee the proper management of the breeding centre. After its establishment, the breeding centre will be managed by a private entity under a PPP agreement.
Establish a pig feed mill
Quality breeds must go with quality feed for healthy stock. Yet, farmers in the municipality, even when supplied with quality breeds, will not be able to acquire nutritionally balanced feeds for their stock due to the lack of capital and scarcity of quality feeds. Supported farmers will still continue to use improper feeds to feed pigs leading to the production of low quality and unhealthy pigs, and unsafe pork. This situation will defeat the aim of the piggery value chain. Thus, a feed mill will be established to produce and supply pig farmers with quality and organic pig feed at affordable prices. The feed mill will be made up of a grinding mill and a vertical feed mixer made of stainless steel with a capacity of 1 ton per hour (1TPH). This will be powered by solar/electricity/diesel engine. This feed mixer is an efficient machine for mixing different kinds of grain powder and other materials. Other facilities will include a feed processing house that will harbour the feed mill equipment, a feed storage depot, and a feed vending outlet. The feed storage depot will store the processed and packaged feed for sale. Subsequently, a vending outlet will be established with an office space to sell the feed to farmers within and outside the municipality. This activity will be implemented by a team of experts comprising a veterinary officer from the Weija-Gbawe Municipal Assembly, an agricultural expert from OLIVES and a consultant from University of Ghana, Nungua Farms. The Feed mill will be managed under a PPP agreement.
Construct a modern slaughterhouse
The municipality lacks a standard slaughterhouse. As such, the slaughtering of animals is undertaken in poor and unhygienic environments. Thus, a modern slaughterhouse (abattoir) will be constructed for the slaughtering of only pigs, producing quality and hygienic pork for sale. The slaughterhouse will be using the line-slaughter system instead of the booth-slaughter system. This is the ideal abattoir system suitable for small animals such as pigs. It involves hoisting up of the carcass of the pig at an early stage (preferably beginning with the bleeding). All subsequent slaughtering and dressing procedures are then carried out with the carcass suspended and moving along an overhead rail or line. The abattoir will have a capacity of 50-100 pigs being slaughtered per day to meet the pork demands of the metropolis. (The centre will also serve as a training facility for other pig farmers). The slaughterhouse will conform to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO) as well as local standards/requirements and have the following components:
Abattoir housing structure including a holding pen, hog chute, stunning area, sticking and bleeding area, inspection area, by products room, gut room/tripery, meat hanging area, retained/suspect carcass rail, and dispatch area
Equipment for a low-capacity modern pig-slaughter line comprising an electric stunning equipment (imported), an electric hoist (for bleeding and loading vat), a 1.5 × 2.5 m scalding vat (electrical heating and discharger), a dehairing machine, a scraping/gambrelling table (stainless steel), a gambrelling hoist, railing system (galvanized), platforms (galvanized), an electric splitting saw (imported), a breastbone saw, other miscellaneous equipment.
Office facilities including inspectors’ office, an administration office, and a staff common room for the workers of the slaughterhouse. The facility will also include a conference room for fresh and refresher trainings (for farmers, slaughterhouse workers and vendors) and meetings. There will also be washroom and changing room for workers.
Services and amenities such as water supply, electric power supply, effluent disposal facility, solid waste and blood disposal facility, access road, fencing and a drainage system.
These facilities, equipment, and services will ensure the production of organic, wholesome and safe pork for distribution to pork vendors within and outside the municipality. A team comprising of staff of the Municipal Assembly, OLIVES, and consultants from Ghana Standard Authority will be responsible for the implementation of this activity. Notwithstanding, the slaughterhouse will be managed by a private entity under a PPP agreement.
Build the capacity of farmers and pork vendors
The demonstration attached to the breeding centre will be used to train pig farmers on modern animal husbandry technology and practices. The farmers will again be trained in business and financial management. Besides training, the pig farmers would be supported with grant to rehabilitate their pigsty to commensurate with environmental standards. Also, the existing pork vendors in the municipality (40 in total, all women) together with targeted 40 new entrants, will be trained in healthy catering practices and other modules in business development, financial management, regulatory compliance, and rate and tax payment. This activity will be implemented by the Business Advisory Centre in collaboration with office of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture under the Municipal Assembly.
Establish a revolving fund for farmers and vendors
The action will set up a revolving fund for selected pig farmers and pork vendors in the municipality. The lack of requisite capital has impeded the businesses of pig farmers and pork vendors. Pig farmers need adequate capital to stock the right breeds, buy the right feeds (produced by the feed mill), buy the right veterinary drugs and access other veterinary services. Without any financial support, these farmers will not be able to bear the costs associated with these vital aspects of piggery. Thus, a revolving fund will be set up for the pig farmers and pork vendors associations to provide soft loans to its members. This will enable vendors overcome the problem of lack of adequate capital to expand businesses. The loans will help both farmers and vendors to start, revamp or expand their ventures after receiving training from the project. The Business Advisory Centre (BAC) will spearhead the establishment of the revolving funds and collaborate with a credible local financial institution to manage the fund.